За один місяць міжнародні резерви України скоротилися майже на 10% – голова Ради НБУ

Міжнародні резерви України станом на 29 вересня становили 26,5 мільярда доларів. Про це повідомив у фейсбуці голова Ради Національного банку України Богдан Данилишин.

«Обсяг міжнародних резервів, який на 29.09.2020 становив 26,5 мільярда доларів, є достатнім для стабілізації надмірних коливань на валютному ринку», – повідомив Данилишин.

За даними НБУ, станом на 1 вересня 2020 року міжнародні резерви України складали понад 29 мільярдів доларів. Таким чином, упродовж місяця міжнародні резерви скоротилися на 2,6 мільярда доларів, або майже на 10%. Скорочення міжнародних резервів відзначено вперше за останні чотири місяці.

У вересні НБУ доводилося продавати іноземну валюту для уповільнення девальвації гривні щодо долара США. Попри зусилля регулятора, за півтора місяця національна валюта втратила щодо долара понад гривню.

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German Chancellor Imposes New COVID-19 Restrictions

After consulting with Germany’s 16 regional governors, German Chancellor Angela Merkel Wednesday announced new restrictions on the size of gatherings to prevent the country’s coronavirus infection figures from accelerating.At a Berlin news briefing following her virtual meeting with the governors, Merkel said she wants to act regionally and address the virus where it is surging rather than shut down the whole country, which she said should be avoided at all costs.  “In order to achieve this, we must have minimum standards for certain frequencies of infections,” said Merkel.The German chancellor said in places where there are more than 35 new infections per 100,000 residents recorded in a week, the number of people attending gatherings at public or rented facilities should be limited to 50 and no more than 25 should attend events in private homes.She said that where infections hit at least 50 per 100,000 residents, those figures should be cut to 25 and 10 respectively.Merkel said she expects the rate of infection to rise as the change in weather means more people will spend time inside in the coming months. She said the number of daily infections could rise to 19,200 in three months if the rate of infection continues as it has over the past three months.  “This underlines the urgency for us to act,” said Merkel.The chancellor also discouraged travel to high risk areas in Europe in the coming months, saying staying in Germany was a good option. She said low risk European nations such as Italy might be a good option, noting the number of COVID-19 cases are very low there now and “they are acting very carefully.”Johns Hopkins University reports Germany has over 289,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus and just over 9,450 deaths.

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Опівночі 25 копійок та старі банкноти перестають бути платіжним засобом

Старі банкноти та 25-копійкові монети перестануть бути платіжним засобом в Україні о 23:59 30 вересня. Про таке рішення Національний банк України повідомив раніше цього місяця.

«По-перше, монети номіналом 25 копійок та усі банкноти гривні старих зразків, уведені в обіг до 2003 року, перестають бути засобом платежу під час здійснення розрахунків готівкою та будуть вилучені з обігу з 1 жовтня 2020 року. По-друге, Національний банк буде активніше виводити з обігу паперові банкноти 1 і 2 гривні і монети 1 гривня зразка 1996 року, замінюючи їх на відповідні обігові монети зразка 2018 року», – розповіли в НБУ.

Регулятор повідомив, що громадяни зможуть без обмежень та безкоштовно обміняти монети номіналом 25 копійок та старі банкноти, уведені в обіг до 2003 року, на монети та банкноти інших номіналів і зразків упродовж наступних трьох років.

До 30 вересня 2021 року це можна буде зробити в усіх українських банках. Після цього і до 30 вересня 2022 року старі монети та банкноти прийматимуть НБУ, «Ощадбанк», «Приватбанк», «Райффайзен Банк Аваль» та ПУМБ.

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Robot Arms Perform Tests to Detect COVID-19

The world recently reached a tragic milestone of one million known deaths linked to COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus.  Experts say more testing is key to combating the virus’s spread.  A biotech company in Taiwan has developed a robot capable of conducting thousands of COVID tests each day, making it possible to safely revive the economy.  VOA’s Arash Arabasadi has more.Camera: Reuters
Producer: Arash Arabasadi     

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НБУ послабив гривню на копійку щодо долара

Національний банк України встановив на 1 жовтня курс 28 гривень 31 копійка за долар, це на 1 копійку більше за офіційний курс на останній день вересня.

Регулятор не встиг повноцінно відбити тенденції міжбанківського валютного ринку, де всю другу половину дня 30 вересня національна валюта посилювалася. Станом на 16:25, за даними Finance.ua, котирування впали до 28 гривень 28–30 копійок за долар.

Ще в середині серпня долар оцінювався на міжбанку дешевше більш як на гривню, 17 серпня торги завершилися на рівні 27 гривень 23,5–25,5 копійки за одиницю американської валюти.

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Why Ghanaian Experts Want More Focus on Colon Cancer

Cancer experts in Ghana lament that little attention is paid to screening for colorectal cancer, leading to a high death rate for the disease, despite its relatively low occurrence. They hope the recent death of American actor Chadwick Boseman, the star of the Hollywood film “Black Panther,” might bring fresh awareness. Stacey Knott reports from Accra.By the time a patient comes to Dr. Clement Edusa with colon cancer, it is often too late. The medical director of the Sweden Ghana Medical Center will see cancer that has been misdiagnosed and spread, as the patient has sought out other treatments, including some from ill-equipped small clinics or herbalists. Edusa says while Ghana does not see many cases of colon cancer, as lifestyles change, he expects to see an increase, and there need to be systems in place to provide detection and affordable treatment. “Definitely, there is going to be an increase. But don’t forget that apart from that, you need to have a structure in place to do the screening,” said Edusa. “So, if you don’t have a national program which sort of pulls in the people to do the screening, you won’t get it early. So, you will have an increase in numbers and people coming late, and of course, more fatalities.” August 29th 2020 – Actor Chadwick Boseman has died at the age of 43. He was born on November 29th 1976 in Anderson, South Carolina and died of colon cancer on August 28th 2020 in Los Angeles, California.While fans have been mourning the loss of Boseman, who died of colon cancer a month ago, a beloved actor and preacher in Ghana also met this fate this year. Bernard Nyarko’s son Gideon says his dad’s illness was gradual. By the time he got his colon cancer diagnosis, doctors could do little, as it had spread.  “He went to the hospital, but they were not able to diagnose the main source of his illness,” said Nyarko. “They were linking it to other sorts of illnesses. It was later that we discovered it was colon cancer. That was 2019.”When Gideon saw images of Boseman’s weight loss, he saw the similarities of how his own father looked toward the end.Pedestrians look up at a mural by artist Shane Grammer of late actor Chadwick Boseman’s character T’Challa from the 2018 film “Black Panther,”, Sept. 8, 2020, in Los Angeles.He hopes both his father’s case and that of Boseman will create awareness of the need for early detection and better training in health services.
Some organizations in Ghana have taken up this mantle.Cancer Support Network Ghana tries to get cancer survivors to speak out to encourage others to go for screenings, to ultimately lower fatality rates in Ghana, says oncology nurse Eric Brobbey.“People think that when you have this cancer you’re going to die, but there are people who have lived for many years,” said Brobbey. “So, when they come out to share their stories, it encourages others to also seek treatment.”Ibrahim Rauf from the Zurak Cancer Foundation focuses on low-income communities, advocating prevention, education and the promotion of healthy lifestyles.“The lifestyles that expose people to cancers kind of run through, regardless of which cancer you are referring to,” said Rauf. “So, we might not be heavily focused on colon cancer now, but then we believe the awareness we are creating is giving people the opportunities to adopt lifestyles that save them from it.”The ultimate hope is that more people will be aware of the signs and risks of cancers, including colon cancer, and that eventually all screenings, diagnoses and treatments will be funded by the government. 

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COVID-19 Deaths Surpass 1 Million

The COVID-19 death toll has climbed to more than one million people worldwide.  And because of a recent surge of infections in many countries including in Europe and the United States, more coronavirus deaths are expected in the coming months. But there are also signs that death rates are dropping and people who contract the virus now are faring better than those infected early on.  VOA correspondent Mariama Diallo has more.Produced by:  Bakhtiyar Zamanov   

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